THE DEVELOPMENT OF E-TEXTBOOKS FOR ELEMENTARY AND SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN INDONESIA BY IMPLEMENTING LESSON STUDY TO ENHANCE THE STUDENTS’ AWARENESS OF THE EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI DISASTERS
There are a number of disasters threats in Indonesia, such as earthquakes, and tsunamis. UNESCO (2010) has already differentiated between ‘hazards’ and ‘disasters’. Hazards are natural while disasters are not. Hazards such as floods, earthquakes, and tsunamis become disasters only when society lacks the ability to cope with them. UNESCO ISDR (2007) states that disasters such as the October 2005 earthquake in Pakistan, where over 16,000 children died in schools that collapsed, or the recent mudslide on Leyte Island in the Philippines, where more than 200 school children were buried alive, are just a few tragic examples of why more needs to be done to protect our children before disasters strikes.
In Indonesia and in other countries, the lack of knowledge on disaster phenomena leads to a tremendous number of victims. People living along the coastline failed to recognize that the receding of water quickly and unexpectedly from the coast may be the sign of tsunami will be coming. People followed it instead of running toward higher ground and inland. Many lost their lives because they did not know the meaning of receding coast.
UNESCO Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura (UNESCO, 2007) stated: “Anticipating, educating and informing are the keys to reducing the deadly effect of such natural disasters. Unfortunately such activities have not been given priority.” The Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia (MoEC) with other institutions, such as SEAMEO QITEP in Mathematics, nevertheless has an important role in providing guidance, expertise and scientific and technical support in addressing every aspect of disasters. As soon as possible, Indonesian people must learn about those disasters threats and its impact on their lives. In all societies, children represent hope for the future. For saving our life, ‘Emergency Preparedness Education’ is one of the most urgently needed topics for school education.
The team of mathematics teachers and educator strongly agree to adopts the project of ‘Emergency Preparedness Education: Learning from Experience, Science of Disasters, and Preparing for the Future’ which was proposed by Japan (CRICED, University of Tsukuba) and Thailand (Khon Kaen University).
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